As the transformation of the energy system to renewable energies, increased sector coupling and electrification progresses, grid infrastructures are also subject to change. The operators of electricity and gas networks must prepare themselves for this.
The coal phase-out has finally been stipulated in a law, even if less ambitious than the coal commission had proposed. The results of the last solar auction in December 2019 have been published and German emissions fell by about 50 million tonnes of CO2 last year. In the first month of 2020, prices at the long end continued to fall.
What course was set for the energy industry in 2019 and what will be remembered until the next decade? In 2019, the discussion was completely dominated by the climate package, the “right” CO2 price and the preparations for the coal phase-out. Another top topic from the market side: PPAs come leave their niche. For renewables positive as well as negative records have been set.
After long discussions, the federal and federal state governments agreed on changes to the climate package before the end of the year. The Federal Network Agency also announced a number of tender results for renewable energies. In addition, the third smart meter gateway was certified, so their rollout can begin soon. However, a real end-of-year rally on the price side of things can only be noted for oil.
With the current “EU Energy Outlook 2050”, Energy Brainpool shows long-term trends in Europe. The European energy system will change dramatically in the coming decades. What do current developments in the EU mean for electricity prices, revenue potential and risks for photovoltaics and wind?
With the draft of the Coal Exit Law, the Federal Government has not only put the tender procedure for the shutdown of coal capacities on paper. At the same time, changes were announced for renewable energies. According to the International Energy Agency’s World Energy Outlook 2019, global CO2 emissions might rise until 2040. In terms of prices, November continues where October left off: going down.
In order to maintain security of supply at a high level, there must always be a balance between production and consumption in the electricity supply system. This form of system security is the responsibility of the transmission system operators (TSOs).
The balancing energy market exists to enable grid operators to cost-effectively compensate for power and voltage fluctuations in the transmission grid. How this market works is explained in the first part of the series “The German electricity balancing market in transition”.
The futures market price for electricity is the current average estimate by traders of the electricity prices of the future. Many factors, which are difficult to estimate in advance, have to be considered by traders: How is the supply of electricity, i.e. the available feed-in capacity of European power plants and their costs such as gas, coal and CO2 prices, developing? How is demand developing in terms of both its level and its structure? Another factor is also becoming increasingly important: the weather.