The PV-tender for October 2017 resulted in a drop of the average price level below 5 cent/kWh. Simultaneously, the cost allocation under the German Renewable Energy Act (EEG levy) decreases for 2018. The discussion concerning sector coupling continues to gain momentum, although the prospective German “Jamaica” government did not yet set clear lines regarding the energy policy. The spot market prices reached record-breaking levels both on the positive and negative scale in October 2017.
September 2017 has brought a real price rally in the futures market. In addition, it became clear that biomass at least for the tender system is a technology on the phase-out. Applications of blockchain appear more frequently, as TenneT, IBM and Sonnen demonstrate. While the renewable energy targets for 2020 seem to be more …
August 2017 was characterised by the second tender for wind-onshore, the subsequent discussions about citizen energy companies and the significantly decreased price level. Despite the summer break, electricity prices have been increasing at the long end of the curve.
Natural gas can either be transported grid-bound via pipelines or liquefied as LNG. In order to increase the energy density, the gas is transported through the pipelines under high pressure (around 80 bar).
In the procurement of gas some singularities have developed, which distinguish the gas market from other commodity markets. Import companies, for example, sometimes have very long-term contracts with gas producers (up to 20 years), a linkage to the oil price and the so called take-or-pay volumes or flexibilities with limits. This chapter aims to familiarize you with the terminology, to understand their meaning and to assess the consequences for the energy industry.
The Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy is expecting more competition and increased security of supply by modifications in the gas market and the balancing power market. The power generation of renewables recorded a new high in the first half-year of 2017. While climate targets are under consideration, investments in and applications for Blockchain technology are taking shape. The strong prices for coal have especially pushed up the annual base load delivery for 2018.
For a long time natural gas has exclusively been a grid-bound energy carrier. In consequence, markets for natural were not globalized, but there were several submarkets (see Tutorial 1) which supplied themselves. Furthermore, the price level in the various markets varied as no arbitrage between the markets was possible.